How does radiometric dating fit with the view of a young earth? Subscribe to our Question of the Week: Radiometric dating is a method which scientists use to determine the age of various specimens, mainly inorganic matter rocks, etc. How do these dating techniques work? Uranium U , for example, is an unstable radioactive isotope which decays into Lead Pb naturally over time it goes through 13 unstable intermediate stages before it finally stabilizes into Pb In this particular case, it takes 4, , , years for half of a sample of U to decay into Pb The measurements involved can be quite accurate.
Age of the Earth
Science as Inquiry Content Standard D: Inquiry Process Concept 2, PO 5: Record observations, notes, sketches, questions, and ideas using tools such as journals, charts, graphs, and computers. Concept 3, PO 1:
Many authors choose to present the history of a complex subject by breaking it up into major threads and following the history of each thread separately.
I have been reading a little this week in my down time and came across this jewel from the “Proceedings of the Royal Society Biological Sciences”. I never claimed to be an expert on the science involved in DNA research. I know there are others here that can help us me understand and explain some of the finer points. I get the basic premise of the paper, and this all goes back to the T.
People are obsessed with recovering old DNA. Are we eventually to actually attempt to make “Jurassic Park” a reality?
As Creation magazine has been continuously published since , we are publishing some of the articles from the archives for historical interest, such as this. For teaching and sharing purposes, readers are advised to supplement these historic articles with more up-to-date ones suggested in the Related Articles and Further Reading below. Flaws in dating the earth as ancient by Alexander R.
GTSnext was a Marie Curie Initial Training Network that was in operation from to It supported twelve early stage researchers (PhD and Post-doctoral level) and involved training in and application of integrated geochronological methods (radio-isotopic dating, cyclostratigraphy, paleomagnetics) to the calibration of the geolgical timescale.
Leibnitz reworked Descartes’s cosmogony. Protogea was published much later in An essay toward a Natural History of the Earth. Woodward came down fairly strongly for the view that the flood was an act of God that could not be accounted for by normal physical processes. He also postulated hydrological sorting to account for the ordering of fossils. Whiston added comets to Burnet’s cosmogony as the source of the waters of the flood.
Lectures and Discourse of Earthquakes and Subterranean Eruptions. Hooke believed that the fossils were the remains of extinct species and could not be accounted for by the Flood. Using Descartes’s cosmology, the assumption that the earth was once entirely flooded, and the observation that the sea level was dropping three inches per century near his home, he calculated the age of the earth to be greater than 2 billion years. Observation sur la Formation des Montagnards Pallas made extensive observations of Russian mountains.
He observed the results of processes that acted on mountains, e. He argued for occasional catastrophic events as an origin for mountain building.
Geologists have calculated the age of Earth at 4. But for humans whose life span rarely reaches more than years, how can we be so sure of that ancient date? It turns out the answers are in Earth’s rocks. Even the Greeks and Romans realized that layers of sediment in rock signified old age. But it wasn’t until the late s — when Scottish geologist James Hutton, who observed sediments building up on the landscape, set out to show that rocks were time clocks — that serious scientific interest in geological age began.
Before then, the Bible had provided the only estimate for the age of the world:
How radiometric dating works in general: Radioactive elements decay gradually into other elements. The original element is called the parent, and the result of the decay process is .
As Creation magazine has been continuously published since , we are publishing some of the articles from the archives for historical interest, such as this. For teaching and sharing purposes, readers are advised to supplement these historic articles with more up-to-date ones suggested in the Related Articles and Further Reading below. The radiometric evidence for a 4. The basic theory of radiometric dating is briefly reviewed. Since the estimate for the age of the Earth has been based on the assumption that certain meteorite lead isotope ratios are equivalent to the primordial lead isotope ratios on Earth.
In this assumption was shown to be highly questionable. Despite this, the momentum gained in the two decades prior to has made 4. Some evidence is also presented to show that radiometric results that are in agreement with the accepted geological time scale are selectively published in preference to those results that are not in agreement. Basics The geological time scale and an age for the Earth of 4.
This system of measuring time works well providing that: In other words, it has to be a closed system. Since radioactive decay constants are believed to be unalterable, the requirement of an absolutely reproducible rate is hopefully met. Therefore, all one has to do in general terms is to find a radioactive mineral which has been a closed system since the time of mineralization, and for which the amount of the daughter product at the beginning is known, the so-called primordial amount, and the absolute age may be calculated from the present amount of parent and daughter isotopes in the mineral.
Changing Views of the History of the Earth
January Fossils provide a record of the history of life. Smith is known as the Father of English Geology. Our understanding of the shape and pattern of the history of life depends on the accuracy of fossils and dating methods.
Earth sciences: Earth sciences, the fields of study concerned with the solid Earth, its waters, and the air that envelops it. Included are the geologic, hydrologic, and atmospheric sciences. The broad aim of the Earth sciences is to understand the present features and the past evolution of the Earth and to use.
See some updates to this article. We now consider in more detail one of the problems with potassium-argon dating, namely, the branching ratio problem. Here is some relevant information that was e-mailed to me. There are some very serious objections to using the potassium-argon decay family as a radiometric clock. The geochronologist considers the Ca40 of little practical use in radiometric dating since common calcium is such an abundant element and the radiogenic Ca40 has the same atomic mass as common calcium.
Here the actual observed branching ratio is not used, but rather a small ratio is arbitrarily chosen in an effort to match dates obtained method with U-Th-Pb dates. The branching ratio that is often used is 0. Thus we have another source of error for K-Ar dating. Back to top Thus there are a number of sources of error.
We now consider whether they can explain the observed dates. In general, the dates that are obtained by radiometric methods are in the hundreds of millions of years range. One can understand this by the fact that the clock did not get reset if one accepts the fact that the magma “looks” old, for whatever reason.
How Old is the Earth According to the Bible and Science
Relative dating Studies of strata , the layering of rocks and earth, gave naturalists an appreciation that Earth may have been through many changes during its existence. These layers often contained fossilized remains of unknown creatures, leading some to interpret a progression of organisms from layer to layer. Lomonosov’s ideas were mostly speculative. In the Comte du Buffon tried to obtain a value for the age of Earth using an experiment: He created a small globe that resembled Earth in composition and then measured its rate of cooling.
This led him to estimate that Earth was about 75, years old.
The following lists the discussion papers and final revised papers published within the last 60 days.
There are lots of ways to guesstimate ages, and geologists knew the earth was old a long time ago and I might add that they were mostly Christian creationist geologists. But they didn’t know how old. Radiometric dating actually allows the measurement of absolute ages, and so it is deadly to the argument that the earth cannot be more than 10, years old. Radiometric methods measure the time elapsed since the particular radiometric clock was reset.
Radiocarbon dating, which is probably best known in the general public, works only on things that were once alive and are now dead. It measures the time elapsed since death, but is limited in scale to no more than about 50, years ago. Generally applied to igneous rocks those of volcanic origin , they measure the time since the molten rock solidified. If that happens to be longer than 10, years, then the idea of a young-Earth is called into question.
If that happens to be billions of years, then the young-Earth is in big trouble. As of January, , The oldest rocks found on earth are 4. This is reported in the paper Priscoan 4. Williams; Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 1: The previous record was 3.
Radioisotope dating shows the earth to be billions of years old. T38, 4: What We Really Know about Dating Methods When someone mentions scientific dating methods, the first thing to come to mind for most people is carbon dating. However, there are many methods that can be used to determine the age of the earth or other objects. The textbooks focus on relative dating, based on the layering of the rocks, and radiometric dating.
Relative ages are assigned to rocks based on the idea that rock layers lower in the strata were deposited before rock layers that are higher.
The final earth sign is, of course, Capricorn. Capricorn shares many earth traits with the other two earth signs, but is a cardinal earth sign, meaning that Capricorn’s emphasis is on action, getting something started, and taking the initiative.
The Radiometric Dating Game Radiometric dating methods estimate the age of rocks using calculations based on the decay rates of radioactive elements such as uranium, strontium, and potassium. On the surface, radiometric dating methods appear to give powerful support to the statement that life has existed on the earth for hundreds of millions, even billions, of years.
We are told that these methods are accurate to a few percent, and that there are many different methods. We are told that of all the radiometric dates that are measured, only a few percent are anomalous. This gives us the impression that all but a small percentage of the dates computed by radiometric methods agree with the assumed ages of the rocks in which they are found, and that all of these various methods almost always give ages that agree with each other to within a few percentage points.
Since there doesn’t seem to be any systematic error that could cause so many methods to agree with each other so often, it seems that there is no other rational conclusion than to accept these dates as accurate. However, this causes a problem for those who believe based on the Bible that life has only existed on the earth for a few thousand years, since fossils are found in rocks that are dated to be over million years old by radiometric methods, and some fossils are found in rocks that are dated to be billions of years old.
If these dates are correct, this calls the Biblical account of a recent creation of life into question. After study and discussion of this question, I now believe that the claimed accuracy of radiometric dating methods is a result of a great misunderstanding of the data, and that the various methods hardly ever agree with each other, and often do not agree with the assumed ages of the rocks in which they are found. I believe that there is a great need for this information to be made known, so I am making this article available in the hopes that it will enlighten others who are considering these questions.
Even the creationist accounts that I have read do not adequately treat these issues.
Age of the Earth: strengths and weaknesses of dating methods
Roman poet Lucretius, intellectual heir to the Greek atomists, believed its formation must have been relatively recent, given that there were no records going back beyond the Trojan War. The Talmudic rabbis, Martin Luther and others used the biblical account to extrapolate back from known history and came up with rather similar estimates for when the earth came into being.
Within decades observation began overtaking such thinking. In the s Nicolas Steno formulated our modern concepts of deposition of horizontal strata. He inferred that where the layers are not horizontal, they must have been tilted since their deposition and noted that different strata contain different kinds of fossil. This position came to be known as uniformitarianism, but within it we must distinguish between uniformity of natural law which nearly all of us would accept and the increasingly questionable assumptions of uniformity of process, uniformity of rate and uniformity of outcome.
Dating, in geology, determining a chronology or calendar of events in the history of Earth, using to a large degree the evidence of organic evolution in the sedimentary rocks accumulated through geologic time in marine and continental date past events, processes, formations, and fossil organisms, geologists employ a variety of techniques.
This age is obtained from radiometric dating and is assumed by evolutionists to provide a sufficiently long time-frame for Darwinian evolution. And OE Christians theistic evolutionists see no problem with this dating whilst still accepting biblical creation, see Radiometric Dating – A Christian Perspective. This is the crucial point: Some claim Genesis in particular, and the Bible in general looks mythical from this standpoint.
A full discussion of the topic must therefore include the current scientific challenge to the OE concept. This challenge is mainly headed by Creationism which teaches a young-earth YE theory. A young earth is considered to be typically just 6, years old since this fits the creation account and some dating deductions from Genesis.